It is called as Thoonga Nagaram that means a City that never Sleeps. It is 450 Kms from the State Capital and Tiruchirapalli is 135 kms from Madurai. Sangam literature makes a mention of Madurai in Silapathigaram. It is also called as KADAMBA VANAM. According to legends: Lord Indra [head of the Devas] once worshipped Lord Siva under the Kadamba tree and abundance of those trees took the name Kadambavanam. Lord Siva appeared in the dream of King Kulasekara Pandyan and drops of immensely sweet madhu [nectar] rolls down from the matted hair of Lord Siva on the earth.